What is Shilajit?

What is Shilajit

Shilajit is a small natural outgrowth or formation in the form of leaks in the crevices of rocks, on the walls of caves and grottoes located at an altitude of more than 2000 m above sea level, where there are conditions different from flat ones. In appearance, the shilajit looks like a resin, its surface is shiny, the color from yellow-brown to black. Its specific smell resembles the smell of oil, the taste is bitter. In water, shilajit dissolves almost without a residue (there may be a small precipitate) and turns it brown.

Although shilajit has not been studied enough, it is known that this natural product contains a large number of organic and inorganic substances: about 30 macro-and microelements, 6 amino acids, essential oils, bee venom, oxides of various metals – calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, molybdenum, barium, as well as a number of vitamins-P, B group, etc.

Hippuric and benzoic acids, waxes, resin gums and resin-like substances, and plant residues were found in composition of shilajit. Each of them has an impact on metabolic processes, increases the regeneration of various body tissues.

This natural resin extracted in the mountains has many names. In Burma, it is called Chao-Tun (“mountain blood”), in Mongolia — Barag-shun (“rock juice”), in Iran — mumioyin (mum — “wax” or “soft”, Oyin — the name of the village where this substance was first found), in Siberia in Altai it is known as a stone oil, mountain balm or mountain wax. The Arabs called it arakul-Jaba (“mountain sweat”), or Mumin.

Shilajit was used in ancient medicine even before the formation of Arabic and Persian culture, as the encyclopedia of folk Medicine (ANS, 1997) assures us. Therefore, shilajit was known more than 100 thousand years ago. This miracle medicine is mentioned in ancient treatises and manuscripts of people of India, Tibet, China, Mongolia, and Central Asia, but also in Arabia, Palestine, Asia Minor, and Greece.

Shilajit origin

As for the origin of the mumiyo, there has not been any clear understanding on this issue until now. Scientists believed that it could be of animal, vegetable, mineral or mixed origin.

In mountainous nature,  conditions are created when animal or plant biomass, which is not destroyed by microorganisms, mummifies and polymerizes over time; in some places, which are not accessible to moisture, harden, and in others are dissolved by soil waters and dispersed in the soil or form sinter structures in soil voids.”

According to some data, the formation of mumiyo requires a moderately high–altitude rocky terrain with a height of 2000-3500 m above sea level. Shilajit is formed mainly on the southern slopes of the mountains. Shilajit deposits are placed in cavities, caves, cracks, and grottoes. Places where shilajit is found should be places where certain animals and medicinal plants grow. Temperature fluctuations in both summer and winter periods should be significant, with an average annual precipitation of about 400-600 mm. Also increased solar radiation is necessary.

Today, scientists have found that shilajit contains more than 80 substances vital for the body, about 30 chemical elements, amino acids, metal oxides, enzymes, hormones and other substances.

It is very difficult to deduce the formula of shilajit. It is established that the inorganic part is quantitatively superior to the organic part. If there are usually only a few elements in food additives, then in shilajit there is half of the periodic table.

Shilajit has a pronounced bio-stimulating properties. Under its influence, metabolic processes are activated, the number of red blood cells increases, and the hemoglobin content in the blood increases. Shilajit has a marked antimicrobial effect, increases the body’s defenses, and is a reliable and effective tool for the prevention of certain infectious diseases and diseases associated with the inflammatory process.

Researchers who study the effect of mumiyo on human body consider it harmless and very effective tonic, bracing and preventive agent, on condition of the correct dosage.

Shilajit is used in many countries: Asia and the Eastern region, for example, in Burma, it is called Chas-tum. Japanese people also use shilajit. However, for successful use of mumiyo, it is necessary to know its composition and the elementary ratio of the particles of the substance, that is, the properties of different types of mumiyo, of which there are about 115, but, as a rule, 4 types are more common, which differ in color:

-gold — solid mass has a red color;
-silver — white color;
-copper — blue color;
-iron — blackish-brown color, occurs most often.

Depending on the place of origin, there are Central Asian, Siberian, Iranian, Nepalese, Himalayan, Arabian and some other types of shilajit. All of them have almost identical physical properties and similar chemical composition. Differences are shown in the ratio of individual components.

Shilajit usually has no contraindications, when used correctly in moderate and precisely calculated doses,  but it is recommended to use shilajit in an extremely small dose, usually it should not exceed the size of a wheat grain. In weight norms, this is approximately 0.15-0.5 g. a Single dose for one reception depends on the body weight: up to 70 kg 0.2 g is recommended; 80 kg — 0.3 g; up to 90 kg — up to 0.4 g; more than 90 kg — up to 0.5 g. Resin can be diluted in milk, sweet tea, vegetable juices, herbal tea, adding a little honey to them.

Today, almost everyone knows about shilajit. Some are skeptical of it, criticize it, and some overly praise it. Shilajit has proved itself for centuries, and currently the use of mumiyo is scientifically justified and positive results of its use are proved by experimental and clinical practice.

Shilajit in Ayurveda

This wonderful tool is used to reduce the vital energy in human body. This is not a grass or a plant of any other origin. Shilajit is nothing more than a resin with a mineral composition, which has a mountain origin. In India, Shilajit is collected in the mountains of the Himalayas and is distinguished by the fact that it absorbs the healing powers and energy of these mountains.

There are many types of shilajit, but the most healing and valuable in Ayurveda is the black mumiyo. A separate species is considered Shilajit – a mixture of shilajit collected in the Himalayas and mountains of Tibet. Despite its natural origin, this mineral resin costs a lot, but it does not need a large amount to feel the effect.

Shilajit in Ayurveda has the most valuable and irreplaceable properties. It is especially used to rejuvenate and improve the tone of the elderly, as well as to speed up the overall recovery. It will be useful to use it for increased loads on the brain (active mental activity). It is also often taken by those who actively practice yoga.

If shilajit is part of medicine, it plays the role of a kind of catalyst – it activates the action of other components and strengthens it.

Ayurveda has identified shilajit with such power: astringent, sharp, bitter, warming substance. Thanks to these properties, shilajit lowers Vata and Kapha and increases Pitta. It affects the nervous and reproductive tissues, as well as following systems of the body: urinary, reproductive and nervous.

Ayurveda appreciates Shilajit for its properties, as it is believed that it improves metabolism, disinfects, and also tones and rejuvenates well. The property of rejuvenation in Ayurveda is called Rasayana.

How were useful properties of Shilajit discovered?

In conditions that have not yet been touched by the hand of man and technological progress, Shilajit layed for thousands of years under the care of nature itself.

Hunters in ancient Tibet first noticed the benefits of this substance. They saw that the injured animals that lived in the mountains could be cured without assistance, simply by using shilajit which was available to them. Today, this gift of nature is used by people all over the world.

This substance is not like anything else. No supplement contains the same amount of macro-and microelements as shilajit. The thing is that shilajit contains minerals in a natural ionic form. This means that the minerals were absorbed by the plants from the ground and the surrounding area, and then were given back to the earth. Shilajit was formed with the course of complex chemical processes and it is easily soluble in water and consists of organic and inorganic compounds. For medical products, the collected substance is cleared of various impurities and formed into pills or remained as a powder.

The organic part of shilajit includes a lot of biologically active components, including: vitamins of groups A, B, C; Steroid compounds; Phospholipids; Essential enzymes; amino acids; essential Oils; protein compounds, and so on.

Due to its composition, Ayurveda Shilajit appreciates and highlights its healing properties:

  1. This substance restores the immune system and stimulates its work.
  2. Accelerates metabolism in the human body.
  3. The processes of tissue regeneration are accelerated when using shilajit.
  4. Removes toxic substances, slags (in Ayurveda this is called AMA).
  5. Has a positive effect on the brain, which improves memory and mental abilities.

Reception of product

In order for the healing properties to find their application in the human body, you need to pay special attention to the reception of the medicine. Ayurveda believes that a lot depends on this, too, and it is not for nothing that each medicine has its own instructions for use.

How to take shilajit Ayurveda should know every fan of this remedy and Indian medicine in general, to become healthy as quickly as possible and the effect is kept forever.

Shilajit is recommended to take twice a day. For the prophylaxis shilajit is taken in courses with a duration of 30 or even 40 days. Especially relevant issue is prevention with shilajit during the transition periods – autumn and spring, when the immune system suffers from an increased load.

However, the medicine can be addictive in some cases. This is especially common with long-term use of the drug, when severe diseases are transferred or supportive therapy is performed, for example, after complex operations.

Contraindications to the use of mumiyo are considered to be individual intolerance, carrying a child  and breastfeeding, as well as urolithiasis. It is forbidden to mix shilajit with alcohol and drugs containing ethanol.

Shilajit side effects: in general, shilajit is safe at moderate doses, and no side effects have been reported until today.

However, if you exceed the recommended dose of 1 g per day, the following side effects may occur:

  • a feeling of heat in the body
  • burning in the feet
  • excessive heat in the palms and feet.

These effects are of a similar nature, and may occur due to the warming effects of shilajit. If you observe them, begin taking shilajit with milk.

Pure Shilajit or how to recognize a fake one?

Pure Shilajit

We will not discuss in this article shilajit in tablets, just to say that for serious cases, this option is not suitable. You will need a 100% real and high-quality product.  But shilajit in its pure form is also different and differs in many parameters, including quality, which can be easily determined by everybody.  Really high-quality product should melt in the palm of your hand. Try to break off a small piece and hold it in your hand. If you notice that it quickly became soft, then everything is normal and you have an excellent product that can be used for medicinal purposes. Well, if the stone remained hard, then with a high probability you were sold a fake, well, or just a low-quality product.   Harm from the use of such shilajit may not appear, but do not expect much benefit either.   You can also check the quality by simply throwing a piece of this product into warm water. If you completely dissolve it – everything is fine! If not, then again, the quality leaves much to be desired.

Many information of Official source about Shilajit:  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC329618

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